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Study On Insurance Type And Treatment For Stroke Patients

Researchers from University of Florida have found connection between Medicare and patient access to surgical treatment for subarachnoid hemorrhage. Subarachnoid hemorrhage is a kind of stroke that are quite popular in the U.S. lately. Statistics show that approximately 30,000 Americans suffer from such in each year. It is also the often cause of death as well as long-term impairment and disability among Americans.

Researchers have gathered and analyzed the data from the National Inpatient Sample hospital discharge database. The data includes information on more than 21,000 adult patients that were discharged from years 2003 to 2008 were diagnosed with subarachnoid hemorrhage. The mean age of those who were diagnosed with the illness was 59 years old which is considered to be of younger age compared to other types of strokes.

According to the study, patients with Medicare insurance were almost 45 percent less likely to undergo surgical treatment and were more than twice as likely to die in the hospital. A possible cause of such is that Medicare patients tend to be older or already has additional health issues.

According to the American Heart Association, Subarachnoid hemorrhage takes about 5 percent of all strokes. It occurs when there is bleeding found in the area between the brain and the thin tissues that cover it. The most often cause of such is aneurysm which causes sudden and severe head pain. This must be treated immediately to avoid brain injury, disability and death. Added risk factors that may lead to subarachnoid hemorrhage include a family history of aneurysms, high blood pressure and smoking.

The study has concluded that patients who did not undergo surgical treatment Subarachnoid hemorrhage were twice as likely to die than those patients who did. Also, for those who have survived the first 48 hours without undergoing any surgical treatment had a greater risk of developing a severe disability or cognitive impairment in their body. Also, hospitals that usually undergo surgical treatment for such illness are the teaching hospitals which have encountered a high volume of subarachnoid hemorrhage patients.

A possible solution for the discrepancy of treatment among subarachnoid hemorrhage patients would be for the state government to enforce regional care for the said illness as is currently standard for certain trauma and neonatal issues.